«« The Curriculum

Foundation subjects

Art and Design

Key stage 1

Pupils will learn :

* To use a range of materials creatively to design and make products

* To use drawing, painting and sculpture to develop and share their ideas, experiences and imagination

* To develop a wide range of art and design techniques in using colour, pattern, texture, line, shape, form and space

* about the work of a range of artists, craft makers and designers, describing the differences and similarities between different practices and disciplines, and making links to their own work.

Key stage 2

Pupils should be taught to develop their techniques, including their control and their use of materials, with creativity, experimentation and an increasing awareness of different kinds of art, craft and design.

Pupils will learn:

* to create sketch books to record their observations and use them to review and revisit ideas

* to improve their mastery of art and design techniques, including drawing, painting and sculpture with a range of materials [for example, pencil, charcoal, paint, clay]

* about great artists, architects and designers in history.



Key stage 1

Pupils will learn to:

* understand what algorithms are; how they are implemented as programs on digital devices; and that programs execute by following precise and unambiguous instructions

* create and debug simple programs

* use logical reasoning to predict the behaviour of simple programs

* use technology purposefully to create, organise, store, manipulate and retrieve digital content

* recognise common uses of information technology beyond school

* use technology safely and respectfully, keeping personal information private; identify where to go for help and support when they have concerns about content or contact on the internet or other online technologies.

Key stage 2

Pupils will learn to:

* design, write and debug programs that accomplish specific goals, including controlling or simulating physical systems; solve problems by decomposing them into smaller parts

* use sequence, selection, and repetition in programs; work with variables and various forms of input and output

* use logical reasoning to explain how some simple algorithms work and to detect and correct errors in algorithms and programs

* understand computer networks including the internet; how they can provide multiple services, such as the world wide web; and the opportunities they offer for communication and collaboration

* use search technologies effectively, appreciate how results are selected and ranked, and be discerning in evaluating digital content

* select, use and combine a variety of software (including internet services) on a range of digital devices to design and create a range of programs, systems and content that

accomplish given goals, including collecting, analysing, evaluating and presenting data and information

* use technology safely, respectfully and responsibly; recognise acceptable/unacceptable behaviour; identify a range of ways to report concerns about content and contact.


Design and Technology

Key stage 1

Through a variety of creative and practical activities, pupils should be taught the knowledge, understanding and skills needed to engage in an iterative process of designing and making. They should work in a range of relevant contexts [for example, the home and school, gardens and playgrounds, the local community, industry and the wider environment].

When designing and making, pupils will learn to:

* Design purposeful, functional, appealing products for themselves and other users based on design criteria

* generate, develop, model and communicate their ideas through talking, drawing, templates, mock-ups and, where appropriate, information and communication technology

* Make select from and use a range of tools and equipment to perform practical tasks [for example, cutting, shaping, joining and finishing]

* select from and use a wide range of materials and components, including construction materials, textiles and ingredients, according to their characteristics

* Evaluate explore and evaluate a range of existing products

* evaluate their ideas and products against design criteria

* Technical knowledge build structures, exploring how they can be made stronger, stiffer and more stable

* explore and use mechanisms [for example, levers, sliders, wheels and axles], in their products.

Key stage 2

When designing and making, pupils will learn to:

* Design use research and develop design criteria to inform the design of innovative, functional, appealing products that are fit for purpose, aimed at particular individuals or groups

* generate, develop, model and communicate their ideas through discussion, annotated sketches, cross-sectional and exploded diagrams, prototypes, pattern pieces and computer-aided design

* Make select from and use a wider range of tools and equipment to perform practical tasks [for example, cutting, shaping, joining and finishing], accurately

* select from and use a wider range of materials and components, including construction materials, textiles and ingredients, according to their functional properties and aesthetic qualities

* Evaluate investigate and analyse a range of existing products

* evaluate their ideas and products against their own design criteria and consider the views of others to improve their work

* understand how key events and individuals in design and technology have helped shape the world

* Technical knowledge apply their understanding of how to strengthen, stiffen and reinforce more complex structures

* understand and use mechanical systems in their products [for example, gears, pulleys, cams, levers and linkages]

* understand and use electrical systems in their products [for example, series circuits incorporating switches, bulbs, buzzers and motors]

* apply their understanding of computing to program, monitor and control their products.


Foreign Language

At Kennall Vale we teach French throughout the school. Pupils will learn:

* how to understand and respond to spoken and written language from a variety of authentic sources

* how to speak with increasing confidence, fluency and spontaneity, finding ways of communicating what they want to say, including through discussion and asking questions, and continually improving the accuracy of their pronunciation and intonation

* to write at varying length, for different purposes and audiences, using the variety of grammatical structures that they have learnt

* how to discover and develop an appreciation of a range of writing in the language studied.



At Kennall Vale School pupils will learn:

* how to develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide a geographical context for understanding the actions of processes

* how to understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time

* to become competent in the geographical skills needed to collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes

* how to interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)

* how to communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.



At Kennall Vale School pupils will learn:

* how to understand the history of these islands as a coherent, chronological narrative, from the earliest times to the present day: how people’s lives have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world

* how to know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations; the expansion and dissolution of empires; characteristic features of past non-European societies; achievements and follies of mankind

* to gain and deploy a historically grounded understanding of abstract terms such as ‘empire’, ‘civilisation’, ‘parliament’ and ‘peasantry’

* historical concepts such as continuity and change, cause and consequence, similarity, difference and significance, and use them to make connections, draw contrasts,

analyse trends, frame historically-valid questions and create their own structured accounts, including written narratives and analyses

* methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is used rigorously to make historical claims, and discern how and why contrasting arguments and interpretations of the past have been constructed

* how to gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between local, regional, national and international history; between cultural, economic, military, political, religious and social history; and between short- and long-term timescales.



Key stage 1

Pupils will learn how to:

* use their voices expressively and creatively by singing songs and speaking chants and rhymes

* play tuned and untuned instruments musically

* listen with concentration and understanding to a range of high-quality live and recorded music

* experiment with, create, select and combine sounds using the inter-related dimensions of music.

Key stage 2

At Kennall Vale School pupils will learn how to:

* play and perform in solo and ensemble contexts, using their voices and playing musical instruments with increasing accuracy, fluency, control and expression

* improvise and compose music for a range of purposes using the inter-related dimensions of music

* listen with attention to detail and recall sounds with increasing aural memory

* use and understand staff and other musical notations

* appreciate and understand a wide range of high-quality live and recorded music drawn from different traditions and from great composers and musicians

* develop an understanding of the history of music.


Physical Education

Key stage 1

At Kennall Vale School pupils will learn to:

* master basic movements including running, jumping, throwing and catching, as well as developing balance, agility and co-ordination, and begin to apply these in a range of activities

* participate in team games, developing simple tactics for attacking and defending

* perform dances using simple movement patterns.

Key Stage 2

* use running, jumping, throwing and catching in isolation and in combination

* play competitive games, modified where appropriate [for example, badminton, basketball, cricket, football, hockey, netball, rounders and tennis], and apply basic principles suitable for attacking and defending

* develop flexibility, strength, technique, control and balance [for example, through athletics and gymnastics]

* perform dances using a range of movement patterns

* take part in outdoor and adventurous activity challenges both individually and within a team

* compare their performances with previous ones and demonstrate improvement to achieve their personal best.


Swimming and water safety

All schools must provide swimming instruction either in key stage 1 or key stage 2.

At Kennall Vale School pupils will learn:

* swim competently, confidently and proficiently over a distance of at least 25 metres

* use a range of strokes effectively [for example, front crawl, backstroke and breaststroke]

* perform safe self-rescue in different water-based situations.



Kennall Vale is committed to ensuring each pupil develops a Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural awareness in order to prepare and support them throughout their school career and beyond.